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The Netherlands Travel Guide

The Netherlands Travel Guide

The country of windmills, cheese, tulips and social rights; the Netherlands is a combination of natural and urban lifestyle. The country’s name was derived from the word Nederland which describes its lands being below the sea level. It was called Nederland because 21% of the population live below the sea level.

General Information

Language Dutch
Capital Amsterdam
Continent Western Europe
Time difference GMT +1 GMT+2 (summer)
Currency Euro
Plug type C,F
Average temperature 10°C
Climate Moderate
Area 41.528 km²
Flora Grassland


Although there are languages that are about to go extinct like Frisian, Dutch is the official language of the country. 


Amsterdam is not only the capital city of the Netherlands, but it is also the capital city of commerce, finance and culture.

Local Time

The Netherlands uses GMT+1. In summer the country uses GMT+2.


As the Netherlands is a European country, Euro is used as the currency.

Where is the Netherlands?

The country is located in Western Europe. Its bordering countries are Germany in the north and Belgium in the south.

Best Time to Visit

The Netherlands has spectacular cities that do not sleep and are always in motion. Because of its climate, it rains a lot in the Netherlands so you may want to bring your umbrella with you.

But if you want to spend your vacation in a warm weather, July and August are the ideal months to visit the Netherlands.

Public Transportation in the Netherlands

The Netherlands offers many transportation options in its cities. You can always use trains, ferries and trams. With its sophisticated transportation system, the Netherlands features many bicycle roads for those who love to explore the city by themselves. Actually, cycling is one of the symbols of the Netherlands.

Taxis, buses and metro are other available options. You can also always rent a car before you arrive at the airport.

Transportation from the Airports to City Center

The distance between Amsterdam Schiphol Airport and the city centre is 17.5 kilometers. As it is a busy airport, there are many options provided for the trips to the city centre. The buses with number 197 offer a relatively economic trip. There are also trains located in the airport that will take you to the city centre.

Eindhoven Airport on the other hand is 8 kilometers away from the city centre. Taxis, trains and buses are the options to get to the centre of Eindhoven. Buses with numbers 400 and 401 constantly ring between the city and the airport.

There is a direct metro line named E which will take you to the city centre from Rotterdam The Hague Airport. Taxis and buses with number 33 are some of the other options.

Places to Visit in the Netherlands


The capital city of the Netherlands, is the beating heart of finance, culture and heritage. Its cosmopolitan structure allows everyone to be captivated by its beauty. Hundreds of museums, magnificent architecture, places to have fun and great attractions form the vibrant soul of the city.

Museumplein is a location filled with many museums such as National Art Gallery Rijksmuseum. It is always awesome to witness the finest works of Van Gogh, Vermeer and Rembrandt. You can also visit the Anne Frank museum.

Vondelpark is a place that looks like it came out from a fairytale. You can sit and have a breather while appreciating this great capital city. Amsterdam features excellent bicycle rides as well.


Eindhoven is basically the forest of the Netherlands. Its green plains and its fresh air do not only renew you but help you relax in your trip. Like the capital city, Eindhoven is also embellished by many museums such as Van Abbe Museum and Phillips Museum.

Eindhoven’s neo-gothic style churches like Saint Catherine Church must be visited. The city’s largest park is Genneper Park and it offers a great landscape and a time to relax.


This rebuilt city was bombed in the Second World War. Although the city saw one of the biggest wars, it was beautifully recreated and embraced a magnificent architecture. The city also offers a glimpse to the past.

Rotterdam is also rich in terms of museums as well. The Netherlands celebrates history through preserving the heritage.

Where to Stay in the Netherlands?

Stationsplein in Eindhoven offers a unique combination of history and comfort. It will be quite refreshing to spend your vacation near the historic sites of the city of Eindhoven.

The Netherlands is quite rich in terms of accommodation alternatives. Five-star hotels, two-star hotels and hostels with fair prices can be found in any place of the country.

If you wish to explore Amsterdam, Haarlem and Leiden feature relatively cheaper prices. But if you want to spend your vacation in a Dutch countryside, you can visit Apeldoorn; a beautiful area with many forests.

What to Eat in the Netherlands?

The Netherlands is famous for its cheese. The Dutch cuisine is filled with hundreds of different cheese types. Tasting and experiencing a different food culture in the Netherlands is a must.

Apart from the rich cheese culture, the cuisine of the Netherlands also offers various sea products.


These deep fried meatballs are often served in Dutch pubs. (Café de Jaren – Lahey)

Raw Herring

A meal that must be tasted by anyone who visits the Netherlands.  (Atlantic Restaurant – Amsterdam)


Mashed potatoes with several vegetables, Stamppot is a traditional dish. (Haejse Claes Restaurant – Amsterdam)


Basically a bean soup, but touched by the Dutch cuisine. (Koffiehuis de Hoek – Amsterdam)

Shopping in the Netherlands: Best Souvenirs to Buy

It is always a great idea to buy souvenirs from the places you visit for friend and family. Well, the Netherlands continues to feature a wide range in terms of items, presents and souvenirs as well.

Amsterdam is filled with stores that sell custom clogs. These wooden shoes come in many different colours and designs. One of the stores that sell these great souvenirs is De Klompenboer. You can ask them to make a custom clog that has your or your friend’s name on it.

Some of the other things to buy in the Netherlands include;

  • Cheese
  • Ceramic products
  • Chocolate and desserts
  • Old maps, prints and calendars

Things to Know Before Visiting the Netherlands

  • 26% of the country’s lands are under the sea.
  • 21% of the nation’s population live under the sea level.
  • The Netherlands is the fifth-largest exporter of the world.
  • Bicycles hold an important place in the general transportation of the country.
  • You should watch out for the bike lanes, as they are always used.
  • The emergency number is 112.

Nightlife in the Netherlands

The Netherlands features the most enthusiastic nights. Amsterdam is filled with many night clubs, bars and pubs. You can just take a walk around the lively streets in the night or have fun in various clubs.

Holidays in the Netherlands

  • Birthday of the King – 27 April
  • Independence Day – 5 May

Festivals in the Netherlands

  • King’s Day (Koningsdag) – 27 April
  • Awakenings Festival – 29 July
  • Pinkpop Festival – 8 June
  • Rotterdam International Film Festival – 23 January
  • Festival of Trees (Boomfeestdag) – 13 March

Visa Requirements

The Netherlands became a member country of Schengen Area in 1995. You can visit the country with the Netherlands Schengen Visa.

FAQ About the Netherlands

  • What is the difference between Holland and the Netherlands?

Holland is the name of the two counties of the Netherlands.

  • Do I have to know Dutch?

The language barrier is not a problem because English is often used among the Dutch.

  • Is it an expensive country?

Accommodation in Amsterdam will be the biggest expense of your trip. You can consider going to another city of the country if you are keen on your budget.

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